Strand 2 Key Technological Advances and Innovation
trand 2 Key Technological Advances and Innovation

From 1900 - 2009

Decade: 1900-1909

1903 The Wright brothers invent the first gas motored and manned airplane.
1907 Color photography invented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere.
1909 Animatograph invented by Alexander F. Victor

Decade: 1910-1919
1910 Thomas Edison demonstrated the first talking motion pictures
1918 The superheterodyne radio circuit invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong. Today, every radio or television set usesthis invention

Decade: 1920-1929
1921 Artificial life begins -- the first robot built.
Educational Radio (http://earlyradiohistory.us/)

Decade: 1930-1939
1930 The "differential analyzer", or analog computer invented by Vannevar Bush at MIT in Boston.
1931 Germans Max Knott and Ernst Ruska co-invent the electron microscope.
1934 Joseph Begun invents the first tape recorder for broadcasting- first magnetic recording.
1936 World Radio University started by Walter Lemmon.
1936 Bell Labs invents the voice recognition machine.
1937 Chester F. Carlson invents the photocopier.
1939 Igor Sikorsky invents the first successful helicopter.
1939 First binary digital computers developed by Bell's Labs.

Decade: 1940-1949
1940 Peter Goldmark invents modern color television system.
1941 Konrad Zuse's Z3, the first computer controlled by software.
1942 John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry built the first electronic digital computer.
1944 The kidney dialysis machine invented by Willem Kolff.
1945 Vannevar Bush proposes hypertext(In 1990 Tim Berners-Lee and othersinvent the World Wide Web, hypertext markup language, HyperText TransferProtocol and Universal Resource Locators) .
1947 Mobile phones first invented (not sold commercially until 1983).

Decade: 1950-1959
1951 Charles Ginsburg invented the first video tape recorder (VTR).
1953 Transistor radio invented by Texas Instruments.
1955 Optic fiber invented.
1956 The first computer hard disk used.
1958 The computer modem invented.
1958 Gordon Gould invents the laser.
1959 The internal pacemaker invented by Wilson Greatbatch.
1959 Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce both invent the microchip.

Decade: 1960-1969
1962 The audio cassette invented.
1962 Spacewar, the first computer video game invented.
AT&T launches Telstar I,( the first active communications satellite)
1963 The video disk invented
AT&T opens TPC-1 (the first submarine telephone cable across the Pacific)
1965 The compact disk invented by James Russell.
1967 The first handheld calculator invented.
1968 The computer mouse invented by Douglas Engelbart.
1968 The first computer with integrated circuits made.
1968 Robert Dennard invented RAM (random access memory).
1969 The arpanet(first internet) invented.
1969 The artificial heart invented.

Decade: 1970-1979
1970 The daisy-wheel printer invented.
1970 The floppy disk invented by Alan Shugart.
1971 The dot-matrix printer invented.
1971 The food processor invented.
1971 The liquid-crystal display(LCD) invented by James Fergason.
1971 The microprocessor invented by Faggin, Hoff and Mazor.
1971 VCR or videocassette invented.
1972 The word processor invented.
Tomlinson invented email.
1973 The ethernet (local computer network) invented by Robert Metcalfe and Xerox.
1975 The laser printer invented.
1976 The ink-jet printer invented.

Decade: 1980-1989
1981 MS-DOS invented.
1981 The first IBM-PC invented.
1981 The scanning tunneling microscope invented by Gerd Karl Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer.
1982 Human growth hormone genetically engineered.
1984 The CD-ROM invented.
1984 The Apple Macintosh launched
1985 Windows program invented by Microsoft.
1987 The first 3-D video game invented.
1988 Digital cellular phones invented.

Decade: 1990-1999
1990 The World Wide Web and Internet protocol (HTTP) and WWW language (HTML) created by Tim Berners-Lee.
1991 The digital answering machine invented.
1992 The smart pill invented. Jerome Schentag, invented the computer-controlled "smart pill."1993 The pentium processor invented.
The Mosaic web browser is released (first commercial software that allowed graphical access to content on the internet)
1994 Yahoo is Founded
1996 First DVD and discs players
1997 SixDegree.com (Fi
rst recognizable social network site)
1999 LiveJournal (listed one-directional connections on user pages)

Decade: 2000-2009
2001 AbioCor artificial heart invented by Abiomed
2001 Artificial liver invented by Dr. Kenneth Matsumura and Alin Foundation
2001 Apple Computers publicly announced their portable music digital player the iPod
2003 Second life a 3D virtual world virtual world developed by Linden Lab
2002 Nano-tex - nanotechnology wearable fabrics invented by Nano-texLLC.
2005 YouTube - the online video sharing and viewing community
2007 Meraki Networks Wi-Fi. The wireless router lets a city block to share the same Internet connection.
2007 Amazon Kindle
2008 The Retail DNA Test
2008 Roku Netflix Box

2009 nano-biochipdeveloped in McDevitt Research Laboratory,
2009 Stuart Parkin is using nanowires to create an ultradense memory chip.
2009 Amazon Kindle for iPhone


Hamilton, A. (2001). TIME picks the best inventions 2001. Retrieved September 25, 2009, from Time Inc.: http://www.time.com/time/2001/inventions/

MIT, (2009, September 25). Technology Review: The Authority on the Future of Technology. Retrieved September 25, 2009, from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT): http://www.technologyreview.com/

PBS, (2000). Technology Timelime. Retrieved September 25, 2009, from Public Broadcasting Service (PBS): http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/telephone/timeline/f_timeline.html

Saettler, P. (2004). The evolution of American educational technology. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.