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The nature of work: Business and Corporate Development

Strand 3: The nature of work: Business and Corporate Development

1900 - 2009

Decade: 1900 - 1909
1905 Taylorism Scientific managementby Frederick Winslow Taylor
1905 The Office of Public Roads (OPR) is established, successor to the Office of Road Inquiry established in 1893
1908 Henry Ford begins making the Model T. First-year production is 10,660 cars
1908 William Durant forms General Motors . His combination of car producers and auto parts makers eventually becomes the largest corporation in the world.
1909 First commercially successful electric toaster

Decade: 1910- 1919
1910 Tme and Motion study by Frank Bunker Gilbreth, Sr
1910 Henry Laurence Gantt developedGantt Chart(A Gantt chart is a graphical representation of the duration of tasks against the progression of time).
1910's Henri Fayoldeveloped manufacturing processes
1913 First electric dishwasher on the market
1913 Ford Motor Company develops the first moving assembly line for automobiles
1917 Wisconsin adopts road numbering system
Wisconsin is the first state to adopt a numbering system as the network of roads increases. The idea gradually spreads across the country and replaces formerly named trails and highways.
1917 Ford and son tractor sells for $395
1918 The U. S. Postal Service inaugurates airmail service from Polo Grounds in Washington, D.C
1919 Passenger service across the English Channel introduced

Decade: 1920 - 1929
Walter A. Shewhart - Statistical Quality Control
Walter Dill Scott -applying psychological principles to personnel selection
1923 Electrically refrigerated ice cream dipping cabinet is marketed
1923 Uniform system of signs State highway engineers across the country adopt a uniform system of signage based on shapes that include the octagonal stop sign
1925 Televisor
John Logie Baird successfully transmits the first recognizable image—the head of a ventriloquist’s dummy—at a London department store, using a device he calls a Televisor.
1925 Numbering system for interstate highways
1927 General Electric introduces the first refrigerator to be mass produced with a completely sealed refrigerating system
1927 Completion of the Holland Tunnel beneath the Hudson River links New York City and Jersey City, New Jersey.

Decade: 1930 - 1939
1930 Human Relations Movement
Mary Parker Follett - scientific management
1930 P. Blackett- Operations Research
1930 New process increases octane rating gasoline
1930 Glass fibers become commercially viable
1931 Caterpillar manufactures a crawler tractor with a diesel engine
1933 In February, Boeing introduces the 247, a twin-engine 10-passenger monoplane that is the first modern commercial airliner
1935 The first generator at Hoover Dam along the Nevada-Arizona border begins commercial operation.
1935 Pan American inaugurates the first transpacific mail service, between San Francisco and Manila.
1935 Rural Electrification Administration bring electricity to many farmers
1937 Golden Gate Bridge
1939 John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry at Iowa State College design the first electronic computer

Decade: 1940 - 1949
Alex Osborne -Brainstorming
Bureaucratic Management Theory- Max Weber embellished the scientific management theory with his bureaucratic theory
1940 The Pennsylvania Turnpike opens as the country’s first roadway with no cross streets, no railroad crossings, and no traffic lights
1942 First commercially viable mechanical spindle cotton picker
1944 Federal Aid Highway Act The Federal Aid Highway Act authorizes the designation of 40,000 miles of interstate highways to connect principal cities and industrial centers
1945 Specifications of a stored-program computer
1947 North American Numbering Plan
1948 Plans to commercialize nuclear power
1949 AT&T introduces the Model 500 telephone, the first that combines a ringer and handset. The classic black rotary phone, featuring an adjustable volume control for the bell and later a variety of colors, becomes a cultural icon.

Decade: 1950 - 1959
Peter Drucker-Organizational Theory
Edwards Deming-Mgt, Quality
1951 First computer designed for U.S. business
1952 First computer compiler
1952 First commercial device to apply Shockley’s junction transistor
1953 DuPont opens a U.S. manufacturing plant to produce Dacron
1954 Gordon Teal, a physical chemist formerly with Bell Labs, shows colleagues at Texas Instruments that transistors can be made from pure silicon—demonstrating the first truly consistent mass-produced transistor.
1954 Atomic Energy Act of 1954
1956 New Federal Aid Highway Act
1957 FORTRAN becomes commercially available
1957 International Atomic Energy Agency The International Atomic Energy Agency is formed with 18 member countries to promote peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Today it has 130 members.
1958 United States launches its first satellite

Decade: 1960 - 1969
Douglas Mcgregor xy theory
H. Munsterberg- Human Relations Managment
1962 ARPA Information Processing Techniques Office
1962 First commercial digital transmission system
1964 On Distributed Communications Networks
1965 First electronic central office switching system
1966 Highway Safety Act
1966 ARPANET project
1967 Paul Lawrence Contingency theory
1968 First 911 On February 16 the first 911 call is made in Haleyville, Alabama. Legislation calling for a single nationwide phone number for citizens to use to report fires and medical emergencies was passed by Congress in 1967
1969 DARPA deploys the IMPs

Decade: 1970 - 1979
SWOT Analysis- K. Andrews
F. Hertzberg- Motivation Theory
Russell Ackoff- Systems Theory
Herzberg's Motivation-Hygiene Theory
1970 Initial ARPANET host-to-host protocol
1971 Intel introduces "computer on a chip"
1972 First public demonstration of the new network technology
1972 First e-mail program - Ray Tomlinson at BBN writes the first e-mail program to send messages across the ARPANET. In sending the first message to himself to test it out, he uses the @ sign—the first time it appears in an e-mail address.
1978 Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act

Decade: 1980 - 1989
1980 U.S. Department of Defense adopts the TCP/IP (transmission control protocol/internet protocol) suite as a standard
Total Quality Management
Chaos Theory
A Maslow- Theory Z
1980's Japanese popularize "just in time" delivery of auto parts
1983 Internet Activities Advisory Board
1983 The Internet ARPANET, and all networks attached to it, officially adopts the TCP/IP networking protocol. From now on, all networks that use TCP/IP are collectively known as the Internet. The number of Internet sites and users grow exponentially.
1984 Macintosh is introduced
1985 Windows 1.0 is released

Decade: 1990 - 1999
Six Sigma a measure of quality
Knowledge Management
Dot-com
1990 Human Genome Project
1990 Nanotechnology
1991 World Wide Web software developed-CERN releases the World Wide Web software developed earlier by Tim Berners-Lee. Specifications for HTML (hypertext markup language), URL (uniform resource locator), and HTTP (hypertext transfer protocol) launch a new era for content distribution.At the University of Minnesota, a team of programmers led by Mark McCahill releases a point-and-click navigation tool, the "Gopher" document retrieval system, simplifying access to files over the Internet.
194 Yahoo founded
1998 Coordination of Internet domain names transitions from federal to private sector

Decade: 2000 - 2009
Dot-com decline
Web 2.0
Nicholas Negroponte- One Laptop per Child non-profit association.
2000 100 million cellular telephone subscribers
2000 Toyota releases Prius hybrid car
2002 Blackberry




Reference:

Ferguson, D. (2002). Therbligs: The Keys to Simplifying Work. Retrieved September 28, 2009, from Gilbreth Network: http://gilbrethnetwork.tripod.com/therbligs.html

Guru, (2009, February 13). Henri Fayol . Retrieved September 28, 2009, from The Economist Newspaper Limited: http://www.economist.com/businessfinance/management/displayStory.cfm?story_id=13095213

KIDASA , (2001). Gant Charts. Retrieved September 28, 2009, from KIDASA Software, Inc., developers of Milestones project management software: http://www.ganttchart.com/

NetMBA, (2007). Frederick Taylor and Scientific Management. Retrieved September 28, 2009, from Internet Center for Management and Business Administration, Inc.: http://www.netmba.com/mgmt/scientific/