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Educational Theories of Learning and Instruction

Strand 4: Educational Theories of Learning and Instruction

1900 - 2009

Decade: 1900 - 1909
Edward Lee Thorndike- Connectionism
The Educational Theory of Maria Montessori

1910-1919
John Dewey - Social Constructivism
F. Burk-Individualized Instruction
Carlton Washburne

1920-1929
J.B. Watson-Behaviorist
Kurt Lewin- Cgnitive field Theory of Learning
W.H. Kilpatrick-Project Method

1930-1939
L. Vygotsky - Social & cognitive learning
Henry Clinton Morrison - approach to learning in which material is organized into units students must master in order to progress to the next level.

1940-1949
B.F.Skinner- Theory of Knowledge
Clark L. Hull-Motivation
Kenneth Wartinbee Spence-Motivation

1950- 1959
A Bandura-Social cognitive and Self-efficacy
A Maslow- Hierarchy of human needs
B. Bloom- Bloom’s Taxonomy

1960-1969
B.F. Skinner-Behaviorism
B.F.Skinner Operant Conditioning
John Keller-ARCS Model of Motivational Design
Marshall McLuhan's Understanding Media

1970-1979
R. Gagne-Conditions of Learning
J. Bruner-Constructivist
Robert Gagne and Leslie Briggs - Task Analysis Approach
1975 ADDIE model

1980-1989
J. Piaget - Cognitivism
H. Gardner - Multiple Intelligence
Paivui proposed the dual-code model

1990 - 1999
Charter schools - State of Minessota
Constructivism
S. Papert - Constructionism
E-Learning Education

2000- 2009
The No Child Left behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 was signed into law on January 8, 2002 by President Bush
George Siemens-Connectivism
Henry A. Giroux-Critical Pedagogy